The fourth industrial revolution 4.0, or Connected Industry 4.0, is a new era that makes a quantitative and qualitative leap in the organization and management of value chains. This new stage of the industry is betting on greater Automation, Connectivity and Globalization. We are seeing that the interrelation between different areas, such as Products, Processes and Business Models, has penetrated the industrial world, bringing with it the IoT, Big Data and Analytics. Since they are the technological advances that allow us to optimize the manufacturing processes, their supervision and integration with other processes and systems used in the plant.

The adoption of Digital Technology has become a reality, offering a radical change, thanks to its new technologies for the automation of the production process, whose application to the industry is developed day by day.

Industry 4.0 covers different branches such as: Additive Manufacturing, Collaborative Robotics, Production Planning Tools, Machine Vision, Virtual Reality, Process Simulation, Operational Intelligence, Internet of Things and the so-called KET, for its English acronym (Key Enabling Technologies).

Thanks to it, smart factories integrate the physical with the virtual, where manufacturers and machines compare information with the supply chain and where processes are automatically optimized, self-configurable and use Artificial Intelligence to complete difficult tasks based on workflows. complex.

On the other hand, manufacturing on demand for custom prototypes and parts in productions is one of the fastest growing areas in the industry, thanks to advances in Additive Manufacturing.

All this implies the need to have systems that operate and manage broadband information and infrastructures for Information Technology, as well as buildings and traffic systems. This Industry 4.0 concept represents a huge leap forward for most organizations.

Industry 4.0 is characterized by the greater speed in providing visible results and the degree to which it affects users. It is the Internet as a basis for interconnection and the implications this implies in terms of ease of access to information, digital identity, privacy, security, etc.

Today our environment is already more intelligent and it presents us with many opportunities and challenges. The Cybersecurity issue is another example, it is one of the key questions for the interconnected industrial world.

The question is not to be left behind and to innovate and know how to adequately manage the change to Industry 4.0, taking full advantage of the new opportunities it offers us.