The fourth industrial revolution has begun to impact the new form of production and organization in companies. We are facing a revolution in which the digitization of production processes, connectivity, automation of machines and new emerging technologies such as robotics, artificial intelligence, additive manufacturing or virtual and augmented reality, among others, is leading.

The Fourth Industrial Revolution, also known as Industry 4.0, refers to a new model of organization and control of the value chain through the product life cycle, using Information Technology.

Robotics, automation, data analysis, artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things (IoT), among others, are the technologies that are integrated into the business processes of organizations and that will mark the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

In addition to companies and products, technological advances and new technologies affect all actors in the ecosystem, which includes suppliers, customers, regulatory considerations, investors, among others.

These technologies interact between each point of a network and generate data that is stored to later undergo an analysis and draw conclusions to make improvements.

Analyzing and learning from data in real time can motivate a business to be more responsive and predictive. In addition, with the adoption of some of these technologies, the organization can reduce its risks in its productivity.

A technology that develops at a dizzying pace, without a doubt, is already being a challenge for current societies and in the coming years, it will change where, how and who will work.

There are many competitive advantages that this 4.0 economy brings, such as production efficiency and increased economic, social and environmental benefits. To this must be added, in the field of prevention, the great potential that new technologies have in terms of eliminating and reducing occupational risks. Among many others, the reduction of repetitive, dangerous and lower value-added tasks when performed by robots or cobots; the least exposure to polluting environments; the greater availability of data to objectify and make decisions; the reduction of incidents as a consequence of the predictive maintenance of work teams; and the greatest personal protection thanks to protection devices.

This change of era and digital transformation also entails the appearance of new jobs, new technological professional profiles, of which there is currently a high lack in the labor market.

This fourth industrial revolution is so great and affects so many areas of people’s lives that we are obliged to make an inclusive technological revolution possible, since beyond the technical dimension, the legal, ethical and social are of interest.