Internet of things is a network of physical objects, vehicles, machines, household appliances and more that uses sensors and APIs to connect and exchange data over the internet.
To understand what the Internet of Things is about, we must also understand that its foundations are by no means new. For about 30 years, we have been working with the idea of making all everyday objects a little more interactive.
Ideas like the smart home, also known as the home of tomorrow, have evolved before we know it from the connected home to the Internet of Things.
The Internet of Things powers objects that were formerly connected by closed circuit, such as communicators, cameras, sensors, and others, and allows them to communicate globally through the use of the network of networks.
What makes IoT possible?
There is no specific type of object connected to the Internet of Things. Instead they can be classified as objects that function as sensors and objects that perform active actions. IoT relies on a comprehensive set of technologies such as application programming interfaces (APIs) that connect devices to the internet. Other key IoT technologies include Big Data management tools, predictive analytics, AI and machine learning, the cloud, and radio frequency identification (RFID).
IoT architecture and platforms
The IoT is already being part of our lives and manufacturing processes for many companies, such as:
- The mass production industry: the machinery that is in charge of controlling the manufacturing processes, assembly robots, temperature sensors, production control, everything is connected to the Internet in more and more companies, which allows to centralize the control of the infrastructure.
- Control of urban infrastructure: control of traffic lights, bridges, train tracks, urban cameras. More and more cities are implementing this type of infrastructure based on the Internet of Things that allows monitoring the correct functioning of their structures as well as adapting their operation more flexibly to new events.
- Environmental control: one of the areas in which the Internet of Things is having the most success, since it allows access to information from atmospheric, meteorological, and seismic sensors from practically anywhere.
- Health sector: more and more clinics and hospitals around the world rely on systems that allow health personnel to actively monitor patients in an outpatient and non-invasive way.